|期刊名稱||軍法專刊, 60(3), 71-102|
Green Procurement is a policy that public authorities seek to procure goods, services and works with a reduced environmental or healthy impact, aiming to achieve the appropriate balance between the sustainable development of economic, social and environmental. It is one of the elements of Sustainable Procurement. As a majority consumer, Green Public Procurement is a process whereby public authorities seek to procure goods, services and works with a reduced environmental impact throughout their life cycle when compared to goods, services and works with the same primary function that would otherwise be procured. Article 38o f Taiwan's Basic Environment Act stipulates, "Government entities at all levels shall adopt necessary measures to promote the use of renewable resources and other materials, products or services that beneficially lessen environmental impact. In principle, government entities at all levels shall procure renewable resource products and Greenmark products." This paper analyses the legislations and strategies of green procurement among global public authorities, the purpose of the purchasing of Eco-Label products, as well as the domestic regulations of purchasing environmental friendly products in public procurement. Meanwhile, it discusses the dilemma countered between the Eco-Label application and the Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade. It is rather remarkable that, the Protocol Amending the Agreement on Government Procurement becomes effective on April 6, 2014. In Article X.6 and X.9, it provides that the procuring entities may apply technical specifications and set out environmental characteristics in the evaluation criteria to promote the conservation of natural resources or protect the environment. It can be foreseen that, once the corresponding amendment of the Government Procurement Act is implemented, a significant impact would be brought in the execution of the public procurement. The greater incentive of the suppliers would be raised. It is hoped to stimulate the deveopment of the environmental protection products and Green Procurement.